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replicate strategies that work

: repeat successful approaches

genetic code that manifest itself into successful strategies means those strategies will pass on to the next generation through the process of reproduction. likewise, in organisms that recognize and respond to feedback, behaviors that result in success are reinforced and tried again. as they result in successfull outcomes, they can be passed on genetically, learned by the organism, or passed on through imitation to offspring or other members of the same community. it is knowing what works and replicating it aswell as remodeling and renovating rather than demolishing.
                                  west indian manatee 
                                             trichechus manatus
                                
                                                genus: trichechus
                                                family: trichechidae
                                                order: sirenia
                                                class: mammalia
                                                phylum: chordata 
                                                kingdom: animalia 

      
                                       

    

the west indian manatee is very agile in water, an opportunistic feeder with hands that have evolved, as has their breathing system. they can submerge for 20 minutes when they are resting, closing their nostrils to prevent water from entering. when they are active, they need to breath every 3 to 5 minutes. while a person breathes and exchanges aproxamitely 10% of the air in their lungs, when manatees breath, they exchange up to 90% of the air in their lungs. to do this, they exhale strongly when their nose breaks the water surface. by breathing this way, they have more fresh oxygen, which allows them longer periods of time underwater.

manatees feed on more than 60 plant species which include sea grasses as their major food source. the y also consume fish and small invertebrates. because they feed on abrasive plants, their molars are often worn down and are continually replaced throughout life (self-renewal).
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                             mountain tapir/woolly tapir 
                                             tapirus pinchaque
                                
                                              genus: tapirus
                                              family: tapiridae
                                              order: perissodactyla
                                              class: mammalia
                                              phylum: chordata 
                                              kingdom: animalia 
                        
        


                                                            
the mountain tapir has an elongated snout in the shape of a small trunk, this has been an adaptation to be able to pull and tear the leafs. this form is specially useful to collect aquatic plants in the swamps where it usually spends most of the day (fit form to function). it also serves to collect water and fight other males in the mating season. their body is compact, with a robust head and neck, in order to move easily through the dense tropical foliage.        

the tapir plays an important role in disepersing seed, 42% of the species of vascular plant it eats, germinate in its feces (cooperative relationships).               
                      
                                                maloca 
                        
the maloca, made by the indians of the amazons, is a community house that serves several functions (multi-functional design): housing (bedroom for several related families), knowledge center/rituals (at night, the community gets together to hear stories, advise, myths, legends, etc.), economic (storage of agricultural goods and food preparation), recreation (gathering for meetings and traditional dances) and the place that holds the "manguare", wood instrument used to call the community. 

the construction of the maloca is made exclusively of locally available materials: wood and palm leaves. it is made in such a way it optimizes ventilation and illumination. after understanding the strategies involved in order to optimize this resources, architects have replicated them in their projects:

                  


              

              

                                       logic proksol building
                        
                       architect: mauricio rojas/german rodirguez/luis manuel rodriguez
                       environmental consultant: architecture & bioclimatic
                       location: bogota, colombia

                  

              

              

the logic proksol building uses the ideas behind the maloca, optimizing illumination and ventilation through the use of light shelves placed accordingly to certain degrees in order to optimize light inside the building.
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                science & technology building - national university
                                                 
                          architect: camilo avellaneda
                          environmental consultant: architecture & bioclimatic
                          location: bogota, colombia

               

               

the science & technology building of the national university uses the same principals of the maloca to to create a cross ventilation system, while at the same time protecting from the light and optimizing the inside illumination. 
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