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evolve to survive

: continually incorporate and embody information to ensure enduring performance

evolution is change that spans across generations, traits that are passed on to the young. genetic evolution arises through mutations in the code of individuals or from the recombination of genes during sexual reproduction. the process of natural selection sifts the beneficial and detrimental mutations, favoring individuals with beneficial ones. since the trait is within a genetic code, which is essentially the recipe and the instructions for a species, it is passed to the offspring. as the environment changes success often requires a solution more permanent than an adaptation within an individual. the success of the species may depend upon the solution being imbedded within the entire population: a true genetic shift. 

it is important to continually incorporate and embody information to ensure enduring performance. it is processing information and incorporating it in the design to make sure it evolves to survive.  

to do so, life...
replicates strategies that work
:repeat successful approaches

genetic code that manifest itself into successful strategies means those strategies will pass on to the next generation through the process of reproduction. likewise, in organisms that recognize and respond to feedback, behaviors that result in success are reinforced and tried again. as they result in successfull outcomes, they can be passed on genetically, learned by the organism, or passed on through imitation to offspring or other members of the same community.

west indian manatee 
trichechus manatus



integrates the unexpected
:incorporate mistakes in ways that can lead to new forms and functions

recombination of genetic material sometimes results in miscoding of DNA. often this genetic mistakes do not support life, or result in significant detrimental effects, but sometimes the mistake results in a viable offspring that has an alternated genetic code. the expression of this new code could be a seemingly small change, like a difference in hair color, but with all the variables and changes in a system, any new trait can turn out to be an advantage. these mistakes, called mutations, are one source for the creativity, innovation, and diversity found in nature. gene mutations are alternations in DNA that result in altered characteristics. mutations add more variety to the gene pool. this diversity of traits is important when the earth`s conditions change; what was a "bad idea" could be the key to surviving in a new environment. 

that is why we have to incorporate the random happenings, the "mistakes", when they serve well: random variation.

panthera onca

genus: panthera
family: felidae 
order: carnivora
class: mammalia
phylum: chordata
kingdom: animalia 

the jaguar is a big cat, the third-largest feline after the tiger and the lion, and the spotted cat that most closely resembles the leopard physically. it is a largely solitary, opportunistic, stalk-and-ambush predator at the top of the food chain. it is a keystone species, playing an important role in stabilizing ecosystems and regulating the populations of the animals it hunts. the jaguar has an exceptionally powerful bite, even relative to the other big cats, that allows it to pierce the shells of armored reptiles and employ an unsual killing method: it bited directly directly through the skull of prey between the ears to deliver a fatal bite to the brain.   

colour morphism occurs in about six percent of the population : a near-black melanistic form occurs regularly. jaguars with melanism appear entirely black, although their spots are still visible on close examination, and are usually known as black panthers. it is several orders of magnitude above the rate of mutation, hence is being supported by selection. there is some evidence that the melanism allele is dominant.  


andean condor
vultur gryphus

reshuffles information
:exchange and alter information to create new options

genetically, reshuffling information is the purposeful exchange of information through mitosis. when male and female cells come together, the genes are mixed. it occurs during reproduction and in cross-pollination in plants. the result is a recombination of information from two different sources and guarantees variety. reshuffling information provides an opportunity for something new to occur. new characteristics are nor always beneficial or wanted, but they do increase the number of available options. this enlarged pool of alternatives may hold a solution when conditions change and the old solution no longer works. 

may flower/christmas orchid
cattleya trianae

genus: cattleya
family: orchidaceae
order: asparagales
class: monocots
phylum: angiosperms
kingdom: plantae

the cattleya trianae is an endemic orchid to Colombia, where it is the national flower, that grows as an epiphytic (a plant that grows upon another plant, such as a tree, non-parasitically or sometimes upon some other object), with succulent leaves. orchids are very colorful flower with the possibility of cross reproduction between species. orchids don`t liberate the pollen but make small masses called pollinia, that stick to the pollinator`s back. when the pollinator enters another flower, the pollinium has taken such position that it will stick to the stigma of the second flower, pollinating it.


state guest house

                       architect: rogelio salmona
                      environmental consultant: rogelio salmona
                       location: cartagena, colombia

rogelio salmona acquired information throughout his life while living and studying in colombia and europe. this knowledge, he applied in his projects, reshuffling information and creating unique projects: 
- precolonbial elements: constructions do not impose in the distance but are discovered bit by bit (house in the san juan de manzanillo fort and state guest house)
- elements of colonial arquitecture: internal patio (nation`s general archive)
- modern elements: geometry establishes a game (postgraduate building at the national university)
- elements the arabic legacy in spain: water is always present (virgilio barco library)